Photovoltaic solar plants are part of our decalogue of the energy of the future.
The sun is going to illuminate the future of energy more strongly than ever. The plans to develop photovoltaics will make it possible to make the most of one of the most abundant natural resources in our country and much of the world. This boost to solar technology in the coming years will be possible due to the reduction in costs that it has experienced thanks to innovation.
Boosting solar plants is a sustainable way to grow the economy and employment, especially in rural regions, which can overcome the dreaded depopulation with these projects. That is the objective of the green recovery, which will allow us to get out of the crisis in which we are immersed with a change in the energy model with which we all win.
And what do we aspire to with the sun? We want to increase our renewable installations from 32 gigawatts (GW) last year to 60 GW in 2025, of which no less than 16 GW will be solar. Our growth plan for the next six years explains this, which includes record investments of 75,000 million euros, the majority destined for renewables and smart grids.
In the years to come, we will continue to be energized with the full force of the sun. A pioneering commitment to leading the energy of the future today for a sustainable recovery we all win.
Three main types of solar energy.
Solar energy uses several different technologies to convert light and heat from the sun into electricity.
The three most common solar technologies for using solar energy are:
- Photovoltaic devices, such as solar panels, that convert sunlight directly into electricity using semiconductors.
- Concentrating solar power plants use mirrors to direct sunlight to a central point that produces enough heat to drive turbines or motors to create electricity.
- Solar heating and cooling systems take thermal heat from the sun to create hot water and air conditioning, replacing the need for electricity or natural gas.
Unlike burning coal, solar energy does not produce the greenhouse gases that cause global warming.
The shift to clean energy, such as solar and wind, will create an estimated 3 million jobs in the United States and lower consumers’ energy bills.
The Department of Energy concludes that solar energy can provide up to 40% of the country’s energy supply. According to the study, this is especially important because electricity demand is projected to grow 30% between 2020 and 2035.
Improving the ways of storing solar energy can also strengthen the resilience of the power grid. Solar batteries provide power when the weather is cloudier or when storms could knock traditional power lines out of service by storing the extra energy from sunny days.
This means more reliable power at a lower cost, according to the study. And other countries can benefit similarly.